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Topological Methods in Scientific Computing, Statistics, and Computer Science

The overall goal of this project is to develop flexible topological methods which will allow the analysis of data which is difficult to analyze using classical linear methods. Data obtained by sampling from highly curved manifolds or singular algebraic varieties in Euclidean space are typical examples where our methods will be useful. We intend to develop and refine two pieces of software which have been written by members of our research group, ISOMAP (Tenenbaum) and PLEX (de SilvaCarlsson). ISOMAP is a tool for dimension reduction and parameterization of high dimensional data sets, and PLEX is a homology computing tool which we will use in locating and analyzing singular points in data sets, as well as estimating dimension in situations where standard methods do not work well. We plan to extend the range of applicability of both tools, in the case of ISOMAP by studying embeddings into spaces with nonEuclidean metrics, and in the case of PLEX by building in the MayerVietoris spectral sequence as a tool. Both ISOMAP and PLEX will be adapted for parallel computing. We will also begin the theoretical study of statistical questions relating to topology. For instance, we will initiate the study of higher dimensional homology of subsets sampled from Euclidean space under various sampling hypotheses. The key object of study will be the family of Cech complexes constructed using the distance function in Euclidean space together with a randomly chosen finite set of points in Euclidean space. 
Submitted by elementlist on Dec 03, 2005 
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